Hemp could soon be the go-to for making diesel fuel from a renewable plant source.
Pacific Biodiesel Technologies (PBT) announced the development of the first state-licensed industrial hemp farm in Maui, Hawai’i earlier this week.
Maui is part of the Hawaiian archipelago and covers an area of 1,884 km².
PBT founders Bob and Kelly King said the Maui hemp facility will operate under the King’s Imua Energy, LLC; initially manufacturing full-spectrum industrial hemp extracts, which will be produced using a supercritical CO2 extractor.
The 10-acre hemp cultivation site is located within Imua Energy’s 115-acre farm in Maui’s central valley and will be the first industrial hemp farm in the USA to utilise 100% biodiesel. The site has soil that has been remediated through the cultivation of sunflowers.
The cultivation of industrial hemp offers a wealth of opportunity for our island, from health and wellness and culinary usage to textile and biofuel production.
The company says the first crop will be planted in May 2019 and the first products should be ready in August this year. Products will be distributed by Maiden Hawaii Naturals, a wholly owned subsidiary of Pacific Biodiesel.
While the farm will initially focus on industrial hemp flower cultivars, it may later include fiber and grain varieties.
Pacific Biodiesel is the USA’s longest operating biodiesel producer, with a nameplate production capacity of 5.5 million gallons annually.
Hawai’i, the state’s Department of Agriculture said earlier this month a new regulatory program based on the 2018 Farm Bill should be available for the 2020 growing season.
The Hawaii Department of Agriculture issued the first licenses to growers under state’s Industrial Hemp Pilot Program in June 2018. Currently, 17 licensees are listed. Applications are accepted at any time, but licenses will only be issued 4 times a year – in March, June, September and December.
A study by University of Hawai‘i College of Tropical Agriculture and Human Resources researchers released in 2016 indicated 70 tons of industrial hemp could be harvested per acre each year in the state.
Turns out hemp can produce nearly four times as much oil per acre as the current favourite source of biodiesel, soybeans.
Hemp for Fuel. One of hemp’s most desirable characteristics is that it can be used for the production of fuel – something human life has been predicated on for millennia. … To that end, two liquid fuels can be made from hemp. The first of these being bioethanol and the other; biodiesel.
Hemp, or industrial hemp (from Old English hænep), typically found in the northern hemisphere, is a strain of the Cannabis sativa plant species that is grown specifically for the industrial uses of its derived products. It is one of the fastest growing plants[ and was one of the first plants to be spun into usable fiber 10,000 years ago.It can be refined into a variety of commercial items including paper, textiles, clothing, biodegradable plastics, paint, insulation, biofuel, food, and animal feed.
Although cannabis as a drug and industrial hemp both derive from the species Cannabis sativa and contain the psychoactive component tetrahydrocannabinol (THC), they are distinct strains with unique phytochemical compositions and uses. Hemp has lower concentrations of THC and higher concentrations of cannabidiol (CBD), which decreases or eliminates its psychoactive effects. The legality of industrial hemp varies widely between countries. Some governments regulate the concentration of THC and permit only hemp that is bred with an especially low THC content.